Equipment manufacturing booming stamping sheet metal industry continues unabated

At present, China has become a big country in the equipment manufacturing industry. The output value of many industries such as machine tools, molds, stamping, sheet metal, etc. is among the highest in the world. Promoting China's transformation from a large equipment manufacturing country to a powerful one has become a key task in the “12th Five-Year Plan” period. Structural adjustment and transfer will become the most important aspect of the scientific development of the equipment industry. The overall train of thought for the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry is the demand for industrial transformation and upgrading and the development of strategic emerging industries. The focus is on smart manufacturing, green manufacturing and service manufacturing. This has become the biggest task for the equipment manufacturing industry.

The rapid development of equipment manufacturing, stamping sheet metal momentum has not diminished. According to Luo Baihui, head of the International Die & Metals and Plastics Industry Suppliers Association, the growth of the main industry has become the main driving force for the rise of machinery industry production since 2010. In 2011, equipment manufacturing The industry has ushered in a new period of development. The prosperity of the equipment manufacturing industry will steadily increase, and production will be expected to maintain a growth rate of around 21% year-on-year. At the same time, the industry sales scale will continue to expand, but sales revenue growth and corporate profit growth will also slow down significantly. Benefit from the adjustment of industrial structure and the improvement of technological innovation ability, the profit rate of the company's sales should be able to increase to more than 7%. Affected by the risk factor of RMB appreciation, the export enthusiasm of enterprises to expand exports will be inhibited, and the growth rate of export output value will not be too large.

Technology applications such as automation and intelligent control are highly valued, and the Internet of Things industry has emerged. The instrumentation industry will usher in a new dawn. Starting with the growth of 30% in 2011, it will continue to show strong momentum.

It is expected that the machine tool industry will maintain growth of more than 30% in 2011. The machine tool is the parent machine of the machine manufacture, the industry development mainly relies on the mechanical industry investment in fixed assets, and the machine tool industry is also an important part of the high-end equipment manufacturing industry, and will be supported by the national development policy. In 2011, China's auto industry investment will shrink, but it will benefit from the development of strategic emerging industries. It is expected that energy-saving and environmental protection industries, new energy industries, new energy vehicles and new materials industries, especially high-end equipment such as aviation equipment, marine engineering, rail transportation, etc. The investment in the manufacturing industry will continue to increase. Investment in these industries will still drive the market demand for machine tools. The machine tool industry will still perform better in 2011.

It is expected that the output value of the automotive industry will increase by less than 10% in 2011, while the output value of the internal combustion engine industry will also increase by less than 10%, the output value of the agricultural machinery industry will increase by about 14%, and the output value of the cultural office equipment industry will increase by 20%. The output value of the heavy machinery industry The growth rate is about 24%, the food packaging machinery industry has reached 26%, the petrochemical general industry has increased by 28%, the electrical and electronics industry output value has increased by 28%, and the construction machinery industry will still maintain a 30% growth rate.

Stamping, sheet metal production involves all aspects of the manufacturing industry, can be described as a large number of widely varied shapes and processes, is expected stamping, sheet metal industry, the average annual growth rate of more than 10%, the mold and accessories industry will increase by 24%.

The three major bottlenecks of stamping sheet metal, the advanced model worth learning from ten years, as China has become the world's manufacturing center and a major consumer, as one of the basic industries of the stamping, sheet metal industry has also achieved unprecedented development. According to Luo Baihui, currently there are about 40,000 manufacturing enterprises in the country's stamping industry, 2 million employees, 28 million tons of stamping parts annually, total sales of 400 billion yuan, and annual consumption of 40 million tons of thin steel sheet below 3 millimeters. The stamping mold cost 40 billion yuan, and the newly purchased stamping equipment costs 20 billion yuan. China's sheet metal and production industry currently has 30,000 enterprises and 1.8 million employees. The annual production of sheet metal parts is about 42 million tons and the total sales amount is 500 billion yuan. However, compared with the counterparts in the United States and Japan, there are currently some problems in the stamping and sheet metal industries in China, which are summed up in three points:

1, raw materials and related technologies behind the fasteners, chains, springs, bearings, molds and other products used by the poor quality of domestic steel, less variety of specifications, a direct impact on the stamping product quality. Mechanical basic parts are generally batch-produced and mass-produced. There are also many varieties and high precision machining products. Therefore, high requirements are placed on the production process and equipment, and the investment is large. In many foreign countries, high-efficiency and high-precision planes, production lines, or flexible lines are used to achieve highly efficient automated production. However, some basic parts enterprises in China are restricted by funds, their input is not strong, the ability of enterprises to self-reform is poor, and there are few advanced equipments and they are not matched, which affects the quality of the products.

2. Low degree of specialization, lack of scale, poor economic efficiency Compared with the host computer, the investment required for the company to establish the initial capital technology is relatively small. After experiencing several major economic development periods in the country, a group of privately-owned production enterprises have mushroomed. Developed, but because of the market demand and small quantities, the shape of the economy can not be. Most stampings processing companies are large and all small and complete, low in professionalism, low in equipment level, unstable in quality, and low in economic efficiency. For example, the total output of micro-motors of the three large-scale backbone enterprises in China's motor industry is less than 50% of that of a famous foreign company. In the past two years, thousands of stamping factories have been built in some areas in China, but only a few of them have an annual output of 300,000 or more, and the main products are agricultural machinery. The Rexroth company in Germany produces 1.3 million pieces of stamping products per year, and Japan Yauken (Strain) also produces more than 600,000 pieces per year. The per capita output value of mold enterprises in industrialized countries is about 150,000 to 200,000 U.S. dollars. China only has 40,000 to 50,000 yuan. Luo Baihui pointed out that in recent years, with the implementation of multiple ownership development policies, the hardware industry is undergoing a process of decentralization and gradual integration.

3. Inadequate capital investment and weak scientific research and development strength In the stampings processing industry in the late 1970s and early 1980s, a number of foreign advanced technologies were introduced earlier, but there was insufficient input in hardware and software for digestion and absorption. According to foreign experience, the ratio of funds required for the introduction of technology and digestion and absorption is about 1:7, and China’s awareness of this is relatively late, and the pace of digestion and absorption is slow. Market competition is actually technical strength. Foreign countries attach great importance to this and have increased investment to occupy the commanding heights of technology. The funds used by major famous companies for research and development account for 4% to 5% of their sales and 10% in key areas. Although many universities and colleges in China are currently engaged in scientific research, many theoretical studies, scientific research achievements, and patent papers have a fairly high level, but they are not closely combined with actual production, and they are particularly slow in converting into commodities. The unsafe condition of the control equipment needs to strengthen the daily inspection of the equipment (including the inspection of its safety devices), detect various hidden dangers in time and improve them, and ensure that the safety devices are normal and effective. Each equipment development department should also develop and replace equipment with higher safety performance in a timely manner.

Luo Baihui said that as an indispensable basic component manufacturing industry in the manufacturing industry, the metal stamping and sheet metal processing industry will need to continuously improve and adopt advanced manufacturing processes in order to achieve scale, batch, and even personalized production.

American model: Safe and reliable automation of production First, automated production of closed-loop control adopted by US companies is more secure and reliable, facilitating the maintenance of the entire production line. The company has its own tooling and mold maintenance workshop. Various sensors are installed on or embedded in the mold, such as a sensor that detects whether the punch passes through the slab, and a sensor that detects whether the slab reaches the station. The application of these sensors greatly improves the safety and reliability of the entire production line.

Second, U.S. stamping and sheet metal companies have a high sense of security. The safety grating is installed on the press. When the worker is too close to the press, the pressure will be automatically shut down to ensure the safety of the workers.

Again, U.S. companies have their own management information systems. The materials supplied by its raw material suppliers are all provided with bar codes. When they are scanned at the time of storage, all kinds of raw material information will automatically enter the production database. With the raw materials entering the processing process, the host computer at each processing link will automatically input the processing information into the database, and this information will always be attached to the final product.

In addition, although the scale of the US companies is relatively large, the product lines are not very large. They all have fixed buyers, such as Delphi and Ford. Their large production volume is a common feature of them.

Japanese model: Process equipment shocked Japan's specialization in stamping parts production, high degree of automation, large-scale production, high product accuracy, management of humane, systematic, basically have the mold development, design and processing capabilities, and generally with Its Japanese OEM customers have established sub-factories in China.

In particular, the various production facilities and technological devices that Japanese companies have accumulated during production can be described as the perfect combination of modern advanced manufacturing technologies and human traditional wisdom. All visitors are shocked, including many from Europe and the United States. Old peers.

Stones of Other Hills: Introducing Advanced Manufacturing Industrial Equipment In recent years, the sheet metal industry in China has achieved great development. However, most enterprises are still in a low-productivity situation in the hands of workshops. There is fierce competition in low-grade products and they must be able to adapt to the national economy. In order to meet the needs of construction and participate in international competition, China's sheet metal industry must avoid vicious competition and achieve differentiated production; management personnel must go out and come in; technology must be constantly updated and changed, and existing technological equipment must be improved. To improve product quality, meet the increasing market demand for product quality and supply requirements, and to use advanced manufacturing processes and equipment as far as possible, establish a sound quality assurance system, and improve precision and professionalism. Automated and informatized manufacturing levels meet the requirements of high-volume and flexible production.

The importance of developing service-oriented creation and green manufacturing service-oriented manufacturing is being recognized and accepted more and more widely. It has become a trend in the development of stamping sheet metal manufacturing. After the baptism of the financial turmoil, many companies have carried out profound reflections and made corresponding adjustments to future development strategies. From the point of view of the production and management enterprises, they have gradually reached consensus on the transition to integrated service-oriented enterprises. For stamping and sheet metal companies, we must focus on improving the supply of complete sets of technology and automated production lines, and strive to cultivate overall solutions and manufacturing expert systems. Specifically speaking, it is necessary for enterprises to comprehensively improve service quality and scope, and penetrate services into all aspects, including technical consulting, customer training, financial settlement methods, logistics work, product technical services, assisting customers in secondary development, and satisfying customers. Personal needs and so on. At the same time try to do any part of the customer needs, can solve the problem for the customer in the shortest time, maximize the response speed.

According to Luo Baihui, in the future, the development of the stamping and sheet metal industry in China must conform to the concepts of low-carbon, environmental protection, energy saving, and material-saving design, manufacturing, and consumption, and be developed toward precision, efficiency, specialization, scale, and globalization. Luo Baihui pointed out that Chinese companies have a long way to go, and they will develop from six aspects in the future.

First, the use of advanced manufacturing processes and equipment, establish a sound quality assurance system, improve the level of precision, professionalism, automation, and information technology to meet the needs of large quantities and flexible production;

The second is to improve the company's production, marketing and management levels, reduce management costs and improve the company's overall competitiveness. Enterprises should continue to improve, improve the level of production and sales, continue to reduce their own management costs, truly to the management of quality, efficiency, and improve the company's overall competitiveness.

The third is to pay attention to the construction of the talent team. While constantly introducing the high-quality talents required by the company, we must also pay attention to the re-education and training of the current workforce and keep its technology and management level in step with the times. Luo Baihui pointed out that the huge challenge for the stamping sheet metal industry will be the lack of high-quality laborers and huge labor cost pressures. Therefore, companies must pay attention to technological transformation and personnel training, and must pay attention to cultivating a suitable workforce for their own production characteristics. .

The fourth is to strengthen international exchanges and cooperation, overview the development of domestic and foreign industries, collect important industry intelligence, broaden the decision-making leadership, and improve the forward-looking decision-making of the leadership.

The fifth is to establish a concept of integrity, establish a good reputation of the enterprise, and strive to be a century-old enterprise.

Sixth, establish a holistic concept, establish a reasonable relationship between upstream and downstream supply and demand, and also introduce and train international talents to understand the customs, laws and regulations, and language culture of other countries so as to ensure unimpeded communication between enterprises and foreign companies, and to increase the success of cooperation. rate.

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